| ndc |
04 November 2021

Rwanda Pledges emissions cut of 38% in its climate action plan by 2030

Rwanda as a signatory to the Paris Agreement under which countries are due to update or communicate their 2030 emission-reduction plans, it submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) the climate action plan known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC); and become the first country in Africa to submit its updated NDC before the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to be held in Glasgow in 2021.

This NDC is an update of the first one; and it represents a more detailed and robust assessment of mitigation and adaptation measures in Rwanda; where the climate change mitigation involves reducing sources of greenhouse gases, or enhancing the sinks that accumulate and store these gases, while adaptation aims to reduce the vulnerability to the harmful effects of climate change.

In this climate action plan; Rwanda’s total emissions are forecasted to more than double over 2015-2030 period rising from 5.3 million tGgCO2eq in the base year to 12 Million tGgCO2eq in 2030 under business as usual projection and it aims to reduce these emissions by 16%. However; subject to the technical and financial support, it could reduce its total emissions by 4.6 million tonnes of CO2 which is 38% compared with the business as usual baseline. This is in the line of contributing to the ambitious goal of limiting temperature rise to 2oC with efforts to reach 1.5oC agreed under the Paris Agreement.

This will be achieved through the deployment of hydro and solar energy, improving energy efficiency in industrial processes, introducing vehicle emission standards, rolling out electric vehicles and promoting on-farm biogas use.

As Rwanda is strongly reliant on rain-fed agriculture both for rural livelihoods, it also depends on hydropower in electricity generation, which are one of drivers of economic growth. Projections show an increasing variability in rainfall intensity for rainy seasons which is likely to cause floods and storms which can result in landslides, crop losses, health risks and damage to infrastructure. 

The environment minister Jeanne d’Arc Mujawamariya said that the “Country is already counting the cost of climate change. We have roadmap tragically lost more 140 citizens and more than 3000 homes due to floods and landslides this year alone”

To address this; the Nationally Determined contributions established the adaptation plan containing the measures across seven sectors including water, agriculture, land and forestry, human settlement, health, transport and mining to cope with climate impacts.

For the execution of NDC, Rwanda will need approximately 11 billion USD to limit its contribution to climate change and adapt to the consequences and achieve the full potential. This include 5.7 billion USD for mitigation and 5.3 billion USD for adaptation. It is expected that this funding will come from both domestic and external sources.

Also to implement this Nationally Determined Contribution; the way of measure, report and verify (MRV) the emissions reduction was set. This MRV will enable Rwanda to monitor the effectiveness of its mitigation and adaptation measures and facilitating its access to climate finance. This will help to design mitigation strategies, and enhance credibility and take other necessary policy actions.

Whatsapp

Topics


More posts

29 June 2022

Top takeaway from Rwanda First Biennial Update Report submitted to the UNFCCC

In December 2021, Rwanda submitted the first Biennial Update Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This is in…

Read more →
28 June 2022

VIP VISIT FOR AFRICA’S CLEAN COLD CENTRE SHOWS HOW WE CAN KEEP ALIVE THE GOAL OF 1.5 DEGREE CELSIUS

COP President, the Rt. Hon. Alok Sharma MP, visited the Africa Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Cooling and Cold-chain (ACES) during his…

Read more →
28 June 2022

COMMONWEALTH LEADERS MEET IN KIGALI TO DISCUSS WAYS OF KEEPING THE 1.5-DEGREE GOAL ALIVE

The Governments of Rwanda and the United Kingdom together with the Presidency of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) have on 23rd Jun…

Read more →
20 June 2022

Climate change as key issue that are of special in the CHOGM – 2022 discussion

The effects of climate change are being felt throughout the Commonwealth, with some Member States experiencing climate change impacts, which is a…

Read more →
19 June 2022

Public and Private sectors, Green Climate Fund accredited entities and development partners joined in the structured dialogue

On 16 June 2022 at Kigali Serena Hotel, the public, private sectors, Green Climate Fund (GCF) accredited entities and development partners have joined…

Read more →
02 June 2022

REMA AND HIGHER LEARNING INSTITUTIONS AGREED TO ENHANCE PARTNERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH

As part of the “World Environment Day Celebrations”, Rwanda is holding its annual National Environment Week. The week begun on Saturday 28 May by the…

Read more →
18 May 2022

Global Leaders Convening Tomorrow at the SEFORALL Forum in Kigali for Landmark Event on Energy and Climate

At a time when far greater action is needed to fight climate change and to reduce global inequalities, the 2022 SEforALL Forum will commence tomorrow,…

Read more →
04 February 2022

Six ways Rwanda is building climate resilient transport systems

Over the last decade, Rwanda has invested in building efficient and resilient transport systems. Guided by the country’s Green Growth and Climate…

Read more →
04 February 2022

Six ways Rwanda is being water wise in the face of climate change

Access to water underpins public health and is critical to sustainable development. Availability of water is also critical for any country’s…

Read more →